Electric Car Batteries
Electric car batteries are most important component of electric cars .The most popular electric car batteries used are lithium-ion Batteries that are considered zero emission abbreviated as ZEBRA. For hybrid electric cars NiMH is suitable batteries . In this article you will learn different types of electric car batteries.
Types of electric car Batteries
There is difference between SLI batteries and Electric car batteries. Electric car batteries are used as energy storage and to run a whole vehicle on the other hand SLI batteries are usually used in diesel cars.
5 Different types of Electric Car Batteries
- Lithium-ion battery
- ZEBRA (Zero emissions batteries research activity)
- Lead Acid Battery
- Ultra Capacitor battery
- Nickel Metal Hybrid
Also read – Upcoming electric cars in India under 10 Lakhs
Lithium-ion batteries are widely used and as we know that lithium-ion batteries are also used in mobile phones and laptops .This battery also has a low “self-discharge” level , so the battery is better than any other battery in maintaining its ability to hold its full charge.
Lead Acid Batteries
As compare to NiMH and Lithium-ion batteries this battery is more heavier in weight and Technology of Lead acid battery is old and do lose their capacity. Lead acid batteries are also used as secondary energy storage, these batteries are cheaper than lithium-ion and NiMH .
Ultra Capacitor batteries also known as super capacitor batteries because it takes milliseconds to charge and discharge .
- Operating Temperature: -40°C to +85C°
- Power Density: 0.01 to 10 kW/kg
- Energy Density: 0.05 to 10 Wh/kg
Hybrid Nickel-Metal Batteries
Hybrid Nickel-Metal batteries are more expensive these batteries and not efficient for electric cars , NiMH batteries are generate more heat at high temperature and self discharge rate of NiMH batteries are high. NiMH is consider as less effective batteries for electric cars.